Dale’s Cone of Experience (A visual model that is composed of eleven (11) stages starting from concrete experiences at the bottom of the cone then it becomes more and more abstract as it reach the peak of the cone).

—The ASSURE Model (An instructional system or guideline that teachers can use to develop lesson plans which integrate the use of technology and media (Smaldino, Lowther & Russell, 2008).

—Digital Literacy (Refers to an individual’s ability to communicate, search for information, and use applications on various digital platforms like social media, email servers and search engine. While digital literacy initially focused on digital skills and stand-alone computers, its focus has shifted to network devices including the Internet and use of social media).