The Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) conceptual framework was described originally by Mishra and Koehler (2006). The TPACK framework highlights the complex relationships between three forms of knowledge: pedagogical (PK), content (CK), and technological (TK).
This framework is represented in the diagram. The TPACK model highlights that an idea for using ICT in classrooms must have a sound curriculum fit and meet the pedagogical needs for implementing the idea. The intersections of the circles are important in the model and suggest teachers need to describe what part of the model, any idea for using ICT in curriculum is addressing. Not all ideas may be in the middle of the diagram.
Content Knowledge (CK) is about the subject matter from curriculum documents and the deep learning of concepts, as well as the higher order thinking and high level communication and other processes in the curriculum.
Pedagogical knowledge (PK) is about the strategies, and techniques used in classrooms and other earning situations and environments) to ensure curriculum goals are met.
Technology knowledge (TK) is about the digital and non-digital technologies and tools we use in classrooms.
Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is about knowing what teaching approaches fit the content and expectations of the subjects.
In the TPACK framework, Technology Knowledge (TK), can combine with:
Content Knowledge (CK) to form Technological Content Knowledge (TCK);
Pedagogical Knowledge (PK) to form Technological Pedagogical Knowledge (TPK); and
Content Knowledge (CK) and Pedagogical Knowledge (PK) to form Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK).
Technological Content Knowledge (TCK) is about interpreting curriculum through a technology lens and to consider the impact of technology on what is changing in curriculum area.
Technological Pedagogical Knowledge (TPK) is about the special pedagogical considerations for using technology within teaching strategies or perhaps for considering new pedagogical approaches afforded by the qualities of the software – what new things can be done, pedagogically?
TPACK is a way of describing how technology pedagogy and content fit together to enable powerful learning.